Understanding anxiety

Symptoms, management, and treatment options

Feeling anxious? You’re not alone. Anxiety is a common but complex issue that extends far beyond simple ‘stress’. Let’s take an honest look at anxiety, including its hallmarks and how it affects your life every. single. day. We’ll lay out the facts about its symptoms, break down anxiety disorders, and take a peek at both treatment avenues and self-help strategies. If you’re searching for a clearer understanding and real solutions, you’ll find them here.

Understanding anxiety and its impact on mental health

Anxiety disorders are not your run-of-the-mill nervousness before a big presentation or that flutter in your stomach during a first date. They’re a group of mental health conditions that cause persistent feelings of apprehension, powerlessness, and a looming sense of impending danger. These feelings often disrupt concentration and memory, making daily activities a formidable challenge.


That said, diagnosing an anxiety disorder is more than a casual conversation about your concerns. Mental health experts use a comprehensive questionnaire to gauge the severity of symptoms and their effect on a person’s everyday life. Thankfully, understanding your anxiety is the first step to overcoming it, and there’s a variety of helpful solutions and strategies available once you do.

Types of anxiety disorders unveiled

Anxiety is a shapeshifter, taking on various forms that disrupt a person’s ability to function in daily life. These forms include Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, and Social Anxiety Disorder, each with its unique symptoms and challenges.


Let’s check them out.

Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is basically that annoying inner voice that just won’t leave you alone. Here’s what it looks like:


  • Worrying or feeling anxious about a bunch of stuff all the time
  • These worries are usually bigger than the situation actually deserves
  • Spending too much time planning for things that could go wrong
  • Seeing everyday situations as much scarier than they are

For folks with GAD, uncertainty is the enemy. They often worry about making the wrong choices, making it super hard to decide anything. 


Remember, having GAD doesn’t define you—it’s just one part of your journey. With the right support and tools, you can move from feeling like a human question mark to living with more ease and assurance. So, if you’re tired of the ‘what ifs’ and ‘oh nos’, reach out

Panic Disorder

Imagine being hit by a sudden, intense wave of fear, your heart pounding as you gasp for breath, your mind swirling with thoughts of impending doom. That’s a glimpse into a panic attack, a defining feature of Panic Disorder. These episodes of intense fear and discomfort peak within minutes and often come along with physical symptoms like difficulty breathing and chest pains. Not fun.


Panic attacks are like surprise parties from your brain, except they’re not at all fun. They can pop up without any warning, leaving you worried about when your brain might decide to throw the next unwelcome bash. This constant fear can turn everyday life into an obstacle course of anxiety.


But don’t wave the white flag just yet, panic attacks, while intimidating, aren’t unbeatable. With the right support crew, some solid game plans, and stress-busting moves (often learned in counselling sessions), you can navigate these attacks. By embracing these strategies, you’re on your way to becoming an anxiety ninja, ready to tackle those panic surprises with newfound strength and calm.

Social Anxiety Disorder

Social Anxiety Disorder is like that awkwardness you feel when you’re the first one to arrive at a party. It’s a condition that can make simple social interactions feel like you’re stepping into a minefield. Here’s what you might notice if you have it:


  • Feeling nervous or on edge in social settings
  • Worrying about being the centre of attention
  • Dreading the possibility of being judged
  • Fearing embarrassment

These feelings can turn a casual conversation into an inner turmoil. The physical side of Social Anxiety Disorder can include:


  • Blushing like a tomato
  • Sweating like you’ve run a marathon
  • Shaking like a leaf
  • A heartbeat that’s racing like it’s in the Grand Prix
  • An upset stomach that won’t quit
  • Shortness of breath, as if you’ve been underwater too long
  • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
  • Muscle tension that makes you feel like a human pretzel

The fear of being judged or making a fool of yourself can lead to avoiding social gatherings, which can make you feel isolated. But here’s the silver lining: Social Anxiety Disorder doesn’t have to be a lifelong tag-along. Working with mental health professionals, like counsellors, can really turn things around, helping you to manage symptoms and get back to enjoying life’s social soundtrack.

Recognising symptoms

Physical symptoms

  • Panic attacks
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Racing heart
  • Sweating
  • Sleep problems
  • Feeling lightheaded or thirsty
  • Muscle tension
  • Trembling
  • Nervousness

Psychological and cognitive symptoms

  • Persistent worry or panic
  • Difficulty controlling worry
  • Issues with concentration
  • Being easily fatigued

Factors that influence anxiety

Ever wondered why some people are more prone to anxiety disorders than others? Well, it’s not just bad luck. Anxiety disorders can be influenced by:



  • Genetics
  • Environmental factors
  • Personality traits
  • Past experiences

Yes, your genes can play a role in forming your anxious personality! Research suggests that GAD has a heritability of approximately 30%, and a high genetic correlation exists between GAD and traits like neuroticism.


But it’s not all in the genes. Environmental factors and stressful life events have been shown to play a significant role in triggering anxiety disorders. These factors impact our neurochemical systems and brain function, leading to anxiety symptoms. Risk factors for various anxiety disorders also include personality traits, past experiences, and sensitivity to major stressors and life changes.

Seeking help: when and how to consult a mental health professional

Recognising that you need help is the first step towards managing anxiety disorders. Symptoms such as:

  • prolonged sadness
  • social withdrawal
  • significant weight changes
  • thoughts of self-harm or suicide
  • paranoia
  • extreme emotional highs and lows
  • increased substance use are red flags that professional help is needed.

Where do you start?

When the weight of anxiety becomes too heavy to carry alone, it’s essential to reach out for professional support. Counselling is a form of therapy that can be incredibly effective for managing anxiety disorders. It offers a safe space to explore your thoughts and feelings, understand the root causes of your anxiety, and develop coping strategies tailored to your unique situation. 


Counselling services like Anytime Counselling allow you to choose your own counsellor and speak to them from your safe space (home, car park), in your own time…minus the sterile clinical environment (which, let’s face it, can be nerve-wracking as all heck).


Remember, seeking help is a brave and proactive step towards improving your mental health.

Treatment pathways: finding relief from anxiety

The journey to recovery from anxiety disorders is not a one-size-fits-all process. It’s a personalised journey that may involve a combination of lifestyle changes, psychological therapy, and, sometimes, in severe situations, medication.


Let’s unpack the options.

Talk therapy options

Talk therapy, like a good chat with a friend, can really help when you’re feeling super anxious. It’s like having a toolbox to fix your worries.


Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is one kind of talk therapy that’s super popular. It’s all about changing the way you think and act to make you feel better.


There’s also Exposure Therapy, which is like facing your fears safely until they don’t scare you anymore. And then there’s Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), which is about learning to be okay with having bad thoughts sometimes without letting them take over.


Are you thinking about talking to a counsellor or psychologist but not sure which one would be best for you? This article may help answer that question for you.


If you’re looking for someone to talk to, Anytime Counselling is a great place to start. They have counsellors you can chat with anytime, from wherever you feel most comfy. No need to sit in a cold, scary office!

Lifestyle adjustments and self-care

Living with anxiety disorders can be challenging, but implementing healthy lifestyle changes can make a world of difference. Regular physical activities like yoga, and simply walking in fresh air, can help elevate your mood and reduce depression and anxiety symptoms.


Additionally, here are some strategies that can positively influence anxiety management:

  • Maintaining a balanced diet
  • Practising mindfulness
  • Ensuring sufficient sleep
  • Exploring alternative treatments such as relaxation training and acupuncture

Remember, self-care is not selfish; it’s essential for physical and mental health.

Love walking to clear the racing mind, but wish you had someone to help sort those thoughts? Why not walk while chatting to a counsellor? Simply book your sessions during your walking time, throw in a set of ear plugs, and walk (and talk) those worries away.

Medications that can help

At Anytime Counselling, our focus is on therapeutic approaches and lifestyle changes that complement the overall treatment of anxiety disorders. While medication can play a role in managing symptoms, it’s crucial to consult with a medical professional before starting any form of medication. Either way, therapeutic strategies, including counselling and positive lifestyle adjustments, are vital components in managing anxiety and should work in conjunction with any medical treatments prescribed by a healthcare provider.

Support systems and community resources

You’re not in this alone. Support groups, community mental health services, and online forums are just a click away for those grappling with anxiety disorders and their loved ones. Anytime Counselling gets it — the constant worry, the sleepless nights, and the dread of being judged. Our counsellors are ready to help you tackle these issues.


Struggling with Panic Disorder’s unpredictability, Generalised Anxiety Disorder’s relentless worry, or Social Anxiety Disorder’s daunting interactions? Our team is here to lend a supportive ear, anytime you need it. At Anytime Counselling, you’ll find a confidential and safe place to express yourself, discover coping strategies, and begin your journey to empowerment.


Don’t let anxiety shape your life. Connect with Anytime Counselling today, and take your first step towards a more peaceful and self-assured future.

Frequently asked questions

How do you fix health anxiety?

You can cope with health anxiety by recognising and challenging unhelpful thoughts, getting comfortable with new sensations, and seeking help through therapy. Remember, your body’s signals may not always mean the worst, and there are effective skills to manage anxiety.


What is the best way to deal with anxiety?

The best way to deal with anxiety is to incorporate a combination of methods such as mindfulness, relaxation techniques, exercise, and therapy. Don’t be afraid to try different approaches to see what suits you best.


What is the 3-3-3 rule for anxiety?

Take a breather and follow the 3-3-3 rule for anxiety. Look around, name three things you see, three sounds you hear, and move three body parts – ankle, fingers, and arm. This can help ground you in the present moment and ease your anxiety.


What are some common types of anxiety disorders?

Anxiety disorders come in various types, such as Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, and Social Anxiety Disorder. Each type has its own set of symptoms and difficulties to tackle.

Step into Your Power and Kick Anxiety to the Curb with Anytime Counselling


In a world that demands you to be everything to everyone, it’s time to pause and be something for yourself. Reclaim your narrative, embrace your journey, and let’s rewrite the script together. 


At Anytime Counselling, we don’t just listen; we hear you. 


We’re your partners in peeling back the layers of ‘shoulds’ and ‘musts’ to uncover the incredible ‘can’ and ‘will’ that’s been you all along.


Unburden in the safety of our sanctuary, where every story is sacred, every struggle is honoured, and every triumph is celebrated. It’s not just about finding your feet; it’s about finding your wings.

Your moment is now. Your space is ready. Your time is deserved.


Anytime Counselling’s your gateway to personalised mental health support. Offering flexible, confidential counselling for all, we’re here to help you navigate life’s challenges, anytime, anywhere. Welcome to support that fits your schedule.

Counselling for individuals

Counselling for individuals


Counselling for adolescents

Counselling for adolescents


Special Offer: 50% Off Your First Counselling Session!

Feeling overwhelmed? It’s time to put yourself first. For a limited time, enjoy your first counselling session at Anytime Counselling for half the normal cost. Don’t wait – book now and start your journey to a better tomorrow…today!

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